Types of Work Permits
A Work Permit can be either for a specific employer and employment arrangement (referred to as an employer-specific work permit) or an open work permit, allowing the foreign national to work almost anywhere (except adult services or striptease) with no restriction on employer name or location.
Most temporary foreign workers admitted to work in Canada are authorized to do so under an employer-specific work permit. Upon the expiration of such a work permit, foreign nationals must leave Canada, extend their access, change their status, or apply for Permanent Residency. Open work permits generally do not require LMIAs or proof of employment offers when applying.
Labour Market Impact Assessments – LMIAs
In order to apply for an employer-specific work permit, a foreign national requires government approval in the form of a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) if the occupation requires one.
Here’s a reference guide to the occupations that require an LMIA.https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/services/foreign-workers.html
LMIAs issued to employers are valid for a maximum of 6 months from the date of issuance, and if the LMIA is not used to support a work permit within this time, the employer will be required to apply for a new LMIA.
some occupations do not require an LMIA to apply for a work permit. Examples of occupations/positions that may be exempt from LMIA confirmation (but still may require work permits) include:
- Post-doctoral fellows
- Research award recipients
- Eminent individuals (e.g., leaders in various fields)
- Guest lecturers
- Visiting professors
- Citizens of the US and Mexico appointed as professors under the International Mobility Program (Canada-International Trade Agreements)
- Self-Employed Persons
- Intra-Company Transferees
- Spouses/Common-Law partners or dependents of Workers or Students (not in all cases; conditions apply)
- Permanent Resident Applicants under Special Categories
- Charitable or Religious Workers
- Humanitarian applicants under specific Categories
Application instructions constantly change; contact our experts for inquiries or assistance with preparing and submitting an LMIA and Work Permit.
Canadian Work Experience
Once a foreign national obtains sufficient experience, they may apply for Permanent Residency based on their ability to become economically established in Canada. Several pathways are available to apply for Foreign Nationals considering working in Canada. They should consult with an experienced licensed immigration consultant to determine the best option for their particular situation. Our team of experts can help assess the individual's qualifications, education, and experience and help determine the best pathway toward obtaining Canadian work experience and, ultimately, Permanent Residency. Call us today to schedule a consultation!